Europe’s largest Train Station
Europe’s largest Train Stationby Laura Zimmer | 22.09.2011
Berlin central stationHamburg architects gmp - von Gerkan, Marg und Partner are planning Europe’s largest and most state-of-the-art interchange station: Berlin central station.
Train stations are places of constant movement: trains coming in and going out, arriving and departing tourists or daily commuters on their way to and from work. And train stations are the first things travelers see when entering a city. Good reasons for a large city to present its central station as exciting, many-sided and modern as possible. This was a challenge the two architects Meinhard von Gerkan and Jürgen Hillmer from gmp - von Gerkan, Marg und Partner wanted to take on for Berlin central station. Their design for re-designing Berlin central station has won the invitation of tenders in 1999.
Since its completion in 2006, Berlin central station is the largest interchange station for long distance, regional and local traffic in Europe with a traffic volume of meanwhile 30 million passengers per year. About 25,000 travelers per day turn this station into an extremely busy place.
The station area spans across multiple levels. Below the surface you will find the ICE long distance services North-South. Here, four platforms for long distance and regional traffic have been built, as well as a new station for underground line 5. The East-West platform is above ground at a height of about 10 meters. Here, the gmp architects have integrated four long distance platforms and two urban railway platforms for the lines 3, 5, 6 and 7. Further levels in between are for local public transport services and shopping passages.
Ride into a Glass Hall
The design of Gerkan, Marg und Partner was focused on the train path. The semi-circle above the tracks reminds of a train coming in. The vault-like glass roof construction crossing the train path creates a pleasant light inside the station hall. Two binder buildings span the path structure and open up the station building towards the adjacent government district in the South and the city quarter of Berlin Moabit in the North. The two buildings provide an office area of 50,000 m² across ten full floors. The two binder buildings continue the steel and glass construction of the station hall lying in between.
The architect’s design is based on an economically efficient climate concept: A natural ventilation supports climate exchange within the building. The ascending warm air escapes through the flap wings. Cool, fresh air gets into the building via the eaves area. The glazing focuses on sun protection. Photo-voltaic modules, spread across 8.4 per cent of the roof, also provide shadow.
All in all the area covers an area of 175,000 m², 15,000 m² of which are available to retail and service providers, with an added office area of 50,000 m². Its versatility has turned Berlin central station into a busy place and a popular photo motif.
gmp - von Gerkan, Marg und Partner
Deutsche bahn AG